This book reports on studies intended to introduce a new classification of motivation in learning English in the Indonesian context. The studies reported in this book focus on empirical evidence related to motivation in learning English. Different classifications of motivation are presented in Chapter One and a potential problem in classifiying motivation in learning English is also identified in this chapter. Chapter Two addresses how language learners may perceive a target language in different ways depending on their beliefs and knowing the beliefs and attitudes that students have in regard to learning a foreign language. Chapter three identifies how the use of language learning strategies plays an important role in the success of acquiring English as a foreign language. This chapter discussess the influence of language motivation on metacognitive strategies and language performance. In Chapter Four extrinsic and intrinsic orientations are not the only types of motivation in education; in pre-service teacher program it has been found that people may have another orientation together with extrinsic and intrinsic orientations, which is called altruistic orientation. Chapter Five reports how extrinsic and intrinsic motivation, together with the three aspects of self-system, self efficacy and language anxiety, were correlated with motivated behaviour of EFL learners in a tertiary setting. Chapter six proposes a new classification of motivation in learning a foreign language, which is called three-category motivation. The classification consists of three categories, namely extrinsic orientation, intrinsic orientation and international orientation. The last chapter, chapter seven summarizes the previous chapters.